Turin was the capital of the dukes of Savoy for centuries before Italy became a unified country in 1871, and it has long been a major banking and manufacturing center. Today, it is a visibly wealthy city perhaps best known for its association with the carmaker Fiat. Easily reached by train from Milan or Rome, it is a refined and walkable place that remains under the radar of most travelers despite its many attractions. Two days are required to visit its excellent museums, including the Museo Egizio, which has the world’s second-largest collection of ancient Egyptian art (after Cairo), and the Galleria Sabauda, which contains the royal art collections amassed by the House of Savoy. These include outstanding paintings by Mantegna, Fra Angelico and Filippino Lippi, among other Italian masters. You may also wish to see the controversial and enigmatic Shroud of Turin, which is kept in the royal chapel of the Cathedral of Saint John the Baptist.

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