Above: Machu Picchu, Peru

Nearly everyone who comes to Peru for the first time heads to Machu Picchu. This is entirely understandable. The story of its “discovery” in 1911 by Yale professor Hiram Bingham is impossibly romantic. And the ruins themselves, set on a precipitous ridge at an elevation of 7,970 feet beneath cathedral-like rock spires, are every bit as spectacular as they look in back issues of National Geographic.

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