This year sees the 150th anniversary of the publication of “Around the World in 80 Days,” the famous adventure novel by the French writer Jules Verne, which first appeared in 1872. It was a book inspired by the technological advances of the age. Both the first transcontinental railroad and the Suez Canal were completed in 1869, while a year later, the networks of Indian railways linked up, allowing passengers to travel speedily across the subcontinent, all the way from the Arabian Sea to the Bay of Bengal. Suddenly the world had shrunk, and it seemed entirely possible to circle the globe in less than 12 weeks. And this is precisely what Verne’s hero, Phileas Fogg, achieves with a little help from the international date line, which fortuitously adds an extra day to his trip. Coincidentally, 2022 marks another anniversary, the 500th in this instance: the first circumnavigation of the world by the Magellan expedition, which returned to southwest Spain in September 1522, nearly three years after it had set sail from the Andalusian port of Sanlúcar de Barrameda.