England is by far the most populous country in the British Isles, with approximately 56 million inhabitants. In many places, the countryside is divided into a characteristic patchwork of fields separated by stone walls or hedgerows. American visitors will want to explore smaller cities such as Winchester, Salisbury, Oxford, Cambridge, Bath, Chester and York, as well as castles, country houses and gardens. Getting around is relatively simple: The roads are good and well-signed, though often crowded in the south. And the mainline trains are fast, though expensive. (Book tickets online in advance.) Excellent food has spread from the sophisticated restaurants of the capital and can be found throughout the land. Some gastropubs even boast Michelin stars.

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